Identidades bilingües

Bilingual identities

    This article questions the presumed indissoluble relationship between language and identity, which implies the postulate that each language defines an identity and that the loss of language causes the loss of the identity. It begins by presenting different conceptions of identity: mathematical and logical, individual or psychological, collective and, above all, those that highlight the constant elements of identity as opposed to those who consider it a variable discursive construction. It then distinguishes different types of identity: group, national, social, cultural identities and their different links with one or more languages or varieties. After describing various situations of bilingualism and plurilingualism, it draws conclusions about the contribution that the glottopolitical analysis of the relationship between languages and identity can make to general politics.

      Keywords: language/identity – bilingualisms – political implications

 

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